The high and rapidly increasing demand for maritime space for various
purposes, such as: shipping and fishing, production of energy from
renewable sources, oil and gas exploitation, environmental conservation,
tourism and aquaculture, as well as the multiple pressures on coastal
resources, require integrated planning and management approach. In the
law of the European Union, maritime governance has been developed in the
Integrated Maritime Policy. The aim of this article is to show maritime
spatial planning as a tool that enables public authorities to apply an
integrated and trans-boundary approach.
The main aim of the maritime spatial planning is to promote sustainable
development and growth in the maritime sector, applying an
ecosystem-based approach, and to achieve the coexistence of relevant
activities and uses. In order to achieve that purpose, Member States
should ensure that the planning process results in a comprehensive
planning taking into consideration inter alia long-term changes
due to climate change.